Different Types Of Pavers Explained

Pavers have become a popular choice for home owners to enhance the visual appeal and value of their home and hence there has been an explosion in number of paver types, designs and colours available in the Australian market. The three main types of pavers available are Concrete, Brick and Stone. Understanding the main differences between the different types of pavers will help you access what paving options might best suit your next paving project.

Concrete Pavers

Concrete Pavers are made from a very dry mix of aggregate, sand, cement, pigments and dyes. Manufacturing processes can vary slightly, generally however very little water is used and the mixture is funnelled into a paver mould. The mould is then pressed and vibrated at the same time, causing the water to set the cement and bind the aggregate. Some manufacturers fire the concrete pavers in large industrial kilns. The end product is strong and usually suitable for driveway and even road use.

Due to the use of dyes and pigments, concrete pavers offer a broad range of colours, however the colour may fade more quickly than with Brick and Stone Pavers .  The use of sealants will help concrete pavers maintain their colour for longer.

Brick Pavers or Clay Pavers

Brick pavers are made of clay and shale material and for this reason are often referred to as clay pavers

There are several different methods used to manufacturer brick pavers, the most economical and hence most common is the soft mud method. With this method the raw clay is usually mixed with 25-30% sand in order to reduce shrinkage. The mixture is then pressed into steel moulds and then fired at 900-1000 °C.

The natural qualities of the raw materials make a hard wearing and strong paving product. The Brick paver‘s colours are derived from the clay and shale materials used and hence have a natural, very long lasting colour. While brick pavers do offer a variety of colours ranging from light to darker earthy red tones, they do not offer the range of colours available with concrete pavers.

Stone Pavers

The stone pavers are usually mined or collected from a quarry or rock outcrop and sometimes cut and assembled for sale as a paver.  There are many different types of stone pavers that are available including Granite, Limestone, Marble, Porphyry, Flagstone, Sandstone, Bluestone and Slate. Each which has it own unique properties that will make some of them suitable for particular applications and not others. For example granite pavers are very strong and would be suitable for driveways, while marble would not.

Because of their origin, they look very natural and appealing, however due to the mining process they are usually more expensive than brick or concrete pavers and are more time consuming to install because they may lack uniformity in size.

Paver Types Conclusion

The differences between these types of pavers, needs to be understood when choosing the appropriate paver for your home. The type of paver selected will have an obvious impact on the appearance or look of your area, however it will also have a bearing on the cost, design, installation costs, wear and tear and several other factors. All of these factors need to be considered when choosing the appropriate pavers for your next landscaping project.